Drowning is the leading cause of death in children younger than 5 in california arizona
Drowning mortality rate
The majority of the deaths occur in June, July and August; most in backyard pools. Another 2, children are treated in hospital emergency rooms each year for near-drowning incidents. DPF is a non-profit, community-based organization which was established in Most deaths occurred in highways Received Apr 18; Accepted Dec Keep reaching and throwing aids, such as poles and life preservers, on both sides of the pool. The development of emergency medical systems, trauma programs, and injury prevention strategies depend on comprehensive injury demographics and trends. There were medico-legal examinations, of which deaths were due to external causes. In a comprehensive study of drowning and submersion incidents involving children under 5 years old in Arizona, California, and Florida, the CPSC found that: Most were young. Is there any proof that fences or safety barriers work? Seconds count in preventing death or brain damage. Data analysis including a synopsis of the case, patient demographics, autopsy findings and mechanism of injury are entered into a database. Swimming lessons do not always prepare a child for a drowning or a near drowning situation. Among the cases that died at the scene,
We described the demographics and location of death and analyzed the relationship between the injury mechanism and time of death. There were Swimming lessons do not always prepare a child for a drowning or a near drowning situation.
Nine Myths of Drowning 1.
All non-swimmers should always wear approved personal flotation devices when they are near water. Install panic alarms on all house doors and windows leading to the pool area and automatic safety cover over the pool. Most accidents happen quickly. Survival depends on rescuing the child quickly and restarting the breathing process, even while the child is still in the water. Among unintentional injuries, drowning is the second leading cause of death to this age group after motor vehicle accidents. In , there were , deaths caused by injury in the USA and 1, children died after unintentional or intentional injury in California [ 5 ]. There are several kinds of fences to choose from which meet safety requirements and there are also alternatives such as an approved safety cover. A conscientious babysitter is distracted by the needs of one of her many charges, another wanders off and drowns. Toddlers, in particular, often do something unexpected because their capabilities change daily. Demographics, location of death and relation between the injury mechanism and time of death were described. Databases and trauma registries have been developed in the last three decades as means to document and follow trauma trends and outcomes.
Received Apr 18; Accepted Dec CPSC Drowning Study, conscientious parents who understand the need for supervision were almost always present. Keywords: Childhood, Epidemiology, External causes, Injury, Injury prevention Introduction Injury is the leading cause of death and long term disability in children worldwide and it is a significant contributor to healthcare costs in most industrialized countries [ 1 — 3 ].
Among unintentional injuries, drowning is the second leading cause of death to this age group after motor vehicle accidents. Toddlers, in particular, often do something unexpected because their capabilities change daily.
Most deaths occurred in highways Developing an appropriate approach towards injury prevention depends on detailed knowledge of the epidemiology of injuries.
based on 89 review