How can we construct good multiple-choice items?
Good items take time and thought to construct 2. Demonstrating : Performing a certain behavior to accomplish a test relevant task.
Avoid negatively stated items, especially double negatives. Make sure that the essay question is specific enough to invite the level of detail you expect in the answer. Instructors generally expect a great deal from students, but remember that their mastery of a subject depends as much on prior preparation and experience as it does on diligence and intelligence; even at the end of the semester some students will be struggling to understand the material.
Avoid complex multiple choice items, in which some or all of the alternatives consist of different combinations of options.
How many choices appear is partially dependent on the ease of generating high quality distractors 6.
Finally, designing alternatives that require a high level of discrimination can also contribute to multiple choice items that test higher-order thinking. Objective tests have the advantages of allowing an instructor to assess a large and potentially representative sample of course material and allow for reliable and efficient scoring.
It is important to choose elicitation techniques carefully when you prepare one of the aforementioned tests. Blueprinting is the planning of the test against the learning objectives of a course or competencies essential to a specialty.
Transformations are particularly effective for testing grammar and understanding of form.